September 2005 Newsletter

We are moving from summer to fall – and fall is a fitting word to describe the events during and after Hurricane Katrina. We fell. Now we have to get back up. Part of fixing the current situation is improving our ability to sense exactly and precisely when things – especially big things like dams, bridges, and levees – are going to break, and our ability to communicate. Below you will find an article on how IPv6 can make a difference in preparing for the next disasters, especially in the area of sensornets and first responder communications interoperability.
We also have our first interview, with Dr. Kilnam Chon of Korea. We offer an article on IPv6 security from Chuck Sellers of NTT/Verio that includes discussion of NAT, a topic that gets a surprising amount of attention year after year and is probably the single most controversial aspect of IPv6 among the (ever fewer) naysayers. IPv6 migration is the focus of the article by Brian Gottbetter and Mark Bath of Global Crossing. Global Crossing is emerging as a powerful force within the IPv6 community, and is starting to share more of the insights gained from its years of internal work with IPv6. I'm grateful to NTT and Global Crossing because, while there are hundreds of telecommunications companies that will be seeking to profit from IPv6, these two practical visionaries were the ones to support the Coalition Summit for IPv6 – which attracted IPv6 emissaries from 30 countries.
We are pleased to announce that, as a result of the capital and other capabilities brought about by the acquisition of IPv6 Summit, Inc. by Innofone, we are now expanding our offerings, as listed in an article below.
We are honored that so many of our past sponsors have indicated interest in the upcoming US IPv6 Summit 2005, which will be held Dec. 7-9, at the Hyatt Regency in Reston, Virginia. There are only four gold sponsorships remaining – please contact us soon if you are interested in exhibiting.
The hearing on IPv6 leadership chaired by Congressman Tom Davis (R-VA) and the OMB guidance (covered in the July and August issues of 6Sense, respectively) have both increased the interest of large companies and the financial community in IPv6-related applications. We hope you will join us in December and continue to build the capabilities of the IPv6 community.

IPv6, Sensornets, and Interoperability for First Responders: Federal Internet Leadership and Investment is Essential for Improved Response Capability at All Levels of Government

“Katrina exposed serious problems in our response capability of all levels of government and to the extent that the federal government didn’t fully do its job right, I take responsibility. I want to know what went right and what went wrong.” – President George W. Bush, Sept. 13, 2005.
During 9/11, a NYPD helicopter circling the World Trade Center warned that the South Tower was about to topple, but the report never got to the firemen – the radios were incompatible. Interoperability cost good men their lives, but the radios still aren’t compatible.
Four years and hundreds of billions of dollars of deficit spending, the situation nationwide has changed very little. Although considerable funding has been sent to many of the 60,000 first responder organizations in the U.S. as part of the massive investment in homeland security, those organizations have not managed independently to come up with a common communications protocol to share life-saving data, a common way to train and simulate events BEFORE they occur, or a common way for leaders to hook up in the crisis area and coordinate their efforts. The result is extra deaths, extra billions in disaster costs, and extra bad publicity for the U.S. in front of its allies and its enemies.
Some of the responders, such as Lt. General Russel Honore, the head of Task Force Katrina, have shown great leadership and have established informal communications lines by tirelessly traveling by helicopter around the area and personally keeping in touch with the many agencies that have gone into action. But the fact that, “The civilian infrastructure has been washed away,” according to Lt. Gen. Strock, the Commander of the Corps of Engineers, makes the communications task a very difficult one. There is no mobile system that could be quickly inserted to serve as a replacement and provide a common means to communicate for civilian and military first responders, and no provision at this time to develop or build one.

IPv6, An Enhanced Security Network Protocol

Looking back, security precautions were not thought about in the development of IPv4 and have continued to be a challenge for application developers since then: IPsec was an afterthought, and Network Address Translation (NAT) - which has been widely deployed to solve the address depletion problem and for perceived security benefits - makes true end-to-end, secure applications extremely difficult to deploy. The integration of secure point-to-point networking is one area that today holds great promise for the IPv6 "killer app" and is expected to help drive wide spread consumer adoption.
IPv6 solves the IPsec and NAT dilemmas. Since IPsec is designed into the v6 protocol, the need for NAT is eliminated, opening up a new networking paradigm currently not on the radar screen in the v4 world.
NAT was first defined in RFC 1918 to reduce the consumption of IPv4 address space, a task that it fulfilled well. However, NAT was not designed to and does not provide security. NAT functions more like pseudo-privacy in hiding the number of nodes behind a NATed network, either behind a firewall or a router that maps the private address to a publicly routeable address. NAT breaks end-to-end connectivity by introducing additional hop(s) or node(s) (i.e. gateways) in the data path. NAT violates the IP architecture that states that every IP address uniquely identifies a computer/node. These NAT gateways typically rewrite the IP headers to masquerade systems on the internal network. If a NAT device (e.g. typically a firewall) breaks, all connections are lost.

Korea: An Emerging IPv6 Superpower

In the year and half since we've published 6Sense we've used articles as our sole means of communicating IPv6. In the interest of getting wider exposure, and allowing for tighter focus on key issues, people, and places, this month we begin our first interview series. Our first IPv6 expert is Professor Kilnam Chon, who was a featured speaker at our Coalition Summit for IPv6 last May, and who was kind enough to be my primary tutor about the Internet miracle of Korea.
While many in the U.S. cling to the idea that the U.S. still has 50% market share of global IPv4 traffic, with half of that (25% of the world) in Virginia, Dr. Chon makes a surprising observation. He told me in Seoul (at the IPv6 Summit) there was about 10 terabits/second of IPv4 traffic, and that the U.S. and Korea each had about 1 terabit/second, or 10%, of total traffic. However, the U.S. has a $12 trillion GDP, while the Republic of Korea has a $700 billion economy.
Also surprising was his assertion that there were 80 full-time government employees working on the IPv6 transition in Korea. If we adjusted this for GDP, that would be the equivalent of 1,370 full-time U.S. government employees. The best estimate that I've heard is that there are about 21 full-time U.S. government workers on IPv6...

IPv6 Migration Considerations

One of the early considerations of an IPv6 migration should be how to implement IPv6 packet forwarding and routing methodology. All edge devices in the network will need to be dual stack enabled (this means running an IPv4 and IPv6 protocol stack on the router in parallel). But ask yourself, does the core of the IP network need to be IPv6 enabled? If a tunneling mechanism, such as 6PE (the ability to forward IPv6 traffic via MPLS), or some form of IPinIP tunneling such as GRE is used, the core of the network will not need to be IPv6 aware, thus negating the need for the core network to be implemented in a dual stack configuration.
There are numerous reasons why a tunneled solution might be of an initial advantage. Deployment of anything new needs to be controlled, and its impacts on existing network services considered. The careful deployment of a few dedicated IPv6 access devices using an IPinIP tunneling mechanism through the core enables a very controlled implementation. It allows the business to gain operational experience of running and managing an IPv6 network without impacting the IPv4 service offerings of the network. Such a solution also permits additional testing, namely resolving any bugs and problems with the router code or configuration standards. Another benefit to the business of this initial deployment is that Operational Support Systems used to run and manage the network can be modified to support IPv6 networking.
IPv6 Summit Now Offers IPv6 Transition Services
IPv6 Summit, Inc., organizers of the US IPv6 Summits for the last three years and publishers of 6Sense, now offers a wide range of training, consulting and implementation support services to make the transition to IPv6 a reality for your organization. We have assembled a team of IPv6 experts and partners to provide a complete set of solutions to your meet your IPv6 transition planning and implementation requirements.
The 9th Annual Gilder/Forbes Telecosm Conference
TELECOSM 2005: The Singularity is Here, September 26 – 28 | The Resort at Squaw Creek, Lake Tahoe, CA
The 9th Annual Gilder/Forbes Telecosm Conference
TELECOSM 2005: The Singularity is Here
September 26 – 28 | The Resort at Squaw Creek, Lake Tahoe, CA
Hosted annually by Steve Forbes and George Gilder, Telecosm is an exclusive gathering of investors, engineers, entrepreneurs, public policy decision makers, media, money managers, and top executives from the world's leading tech companies. CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION
Whether you're looking for allies or acquisitions, clients or vendors, investments or investors, Telecosm 2005 promises to be a hotbed of ideas and opportunity.
Seven Telecosm 2005 speakers have new books out this year! We're celebrating at the "TELECOSM AFTER HOURS" speaker book-signing party, where all Telecosm '05 attendees will receive FREE COPIES of: Ray KURZWEIL's transcendent new book, The Singularity is Near; Rich KARLGAARD's horizon-widening work, Life 2.0; and Andy KESSLER's must-read, How We Got Here. Plus, Chris ANDERSON (The Long Tail), George GILDER (The Silicon Eye), and Dave MOCK (The Qualcomm Equation) will also be available for discussions signings. And, don't forget to bring along your copy of Steve FORBES's latest, The Flat Tax Revolution.
Telecosm 2005 will also feature: Dr. Scott GOTTLIEB on investing in biotechnology; John CIOFFI on the copper revolution; Steve GOLDMAN (Power-One), Robert DOBKIN (Linear) and Peter HENRY (National Semi) on digital vs. analog power management; David HUBER (Broadwing) on the future of the global network; Klein GILHOUSEN on Qualcomm; Paul McWIILIAMS on semiconductor investment strategies; Carver MEAD on the role of science in society; Greg PAPADOPOULOS (Sun Micro.) on the emergence of display-over-IP; Rick RUTKOWSKI (Microvision) on imaging systems; John RUTLEDGE on the growth of China, Japan, South Korea, India, and Taiwan; David TENNENHOUSE (Intel) on the future of mobile; Terry TURPIN (Essex Corp.) on technology making us safer; Josh WOLFE's nanotechnology buyer's guide; and Many Other Thought Leaders.