September 2006 Newsletter

We are very excited about a series of unprecedented approaching events in 2007 and want to encourage everyone to mark their calendars. First, the Asia Summit for IPv6, in Manila, being held February 20-21, 2007. We are honored to announce that Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, President of the Philippines, will be kicking off the Asia IPv6 Summit in Manila as a keynote speaker. This historic and ground-breaking event will feature two days of technology experts from leading Asian governments, the Information Technology industry, research and development centers, universities and other organizations, who will discuss the opportunities and challenges arising in Asia from this new technology.
On March 26-29, 2007 we have a dual conference - the US IPv6 Summit, the largest IPv6 Conference in North America, and the Coalition Summit for IPv6, produced in cooperation with NATO, both to be held in Reston, Virginia. You will get the benefit of both events in the same venue – the latest updates from executive-level military and government leaders of NATO and other Allied nations, as well as the most up-to-date government and industry developments and opportunities from the US. Included in the Early Bird Special fee is a Technology Tutorial, demonstrations of brand-new IPv6 commercial applications, and special presentations on the procedures and specifications being used to acquire IPv6-capable hardware by procurement executive officers.
Featured speakers will include Maj. General Dennis Moran of the Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Hon. Robert Cresanti, Under Secretary of the Department of Commerce (Technology), Fred Baker, ex-Chairman of the IETF and Cisco Fellow, Dr. Larry Roberts, one of the “Fathers of the Internet” and CEO of Anagran, Rep. Robert Goodlatte, Co-Chairman of the Congressional Internet Caucus, Dr. Sherman Gee, Chairman of the INSC Steering Committee, Silvia Hagen, Author of IPv6 Essentials, and many other military and industry IT executives talking about what benefits IPv6 can bring to both government and business applications such as net-centric warfare, joint interoperability and multimedia convergence. You will get an intimate view of the global IPv6 landscape in the US, Europe and Asia, and have the opportunity to meet senior thought leaders, potential customers, and strategic partners. Registration is now open at
This month's 6Sense delivers a set of articles on evolving IPv6 issues. Our first article comes to us from Ciprian Popoviciu, Technical Leader, and Patrick Grossetete, Manager, Product Management at Cisco Systems, who note that with the integration of the New Internet moving forward in infrastructure design and operational networks, it is becoming increasingly important to benchmark IPv6 performance metrics if we expect successful deployment. Ciprian and Patrick present a good argument as to why RFC2544 - an IPv4 de facto standard - will be insufficient when transitioning to IPv6, and why it will be necessary to have a complete, dedicated protocol. The next article comes to us from Mark Evans of SPAWAR. Mark spotlights the Navy as a global enterprise with a constantly evolving architecture. This poses a challenge for IPv6 transition and will require dedicated resources as well as increased IPv6 interest from commercial vendors. Another contribution on the topic of government transition to IPv6 is brought to us by Jim Bacchus, CEO of Digital Presence and just off recent active duty, with service in Iraq, US NORTHCOM, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In his article, titled DoD: Chicken or the Egg?, he presents some powerful ideas on how the Department of Defense (DoD) can utilize the IPv6 transition mandate to facilitate significant improvements in military communication and interoperability. There is clearly a need for practical experimentation relating to the OMB mandate requiring conversion to IPv6 post 2008. Mr. Bacchus presents a strong argument in favor of projects that utilize IPv6-enabling concepts and fit within current departmental budgets. In another interesting facet of this subject, we have Alexander Ramia, VP of Product Development for, Inc., discussing the very current subject of social networking and how its evolution into newer platforms and edge devices will demand more addresses then IPv4 can accommodate. He demonstrates how social networks and other online communications will grow exponentially, once anonymity and the battle for security can be removed over the transport. Our next topic, by Luis Gopez, CEO of InfoWeapons, Inc., covers the fast-paced movement of IP-based addressing for ubiquitous connected devices. The use of unique IPv6 addresses will open up countless avenues for mobile networking and for personalized data streams, including customized audio/video and secure, accessible data storage for the massively multiplayer online gaming (MMOG) community. Finally, Chris Harz, VP of Strategic Planning for IPv6 Summit, Inc., delivers another in-depth account of an international conference - the recent Global IPv6 Summit in Korea 2006. The summit, themed Emerging Business with IPv6 was qualitatively different from other conferences, which seem to focus solely on the technical aspects of the New Internet. Services and business cases such as IPTV, VoIP and IPv6-enabled energy control systems were all presented, and much of the discussions centered on whether and how profitable IPv6 can be achieved in the near term.

Benchmarking the New IP for Successful Integration

The process of integrating the new Internet Protocol version 6 has already started in the infrastructure designs or in the operational networks of multiple service providers and enterprises worldwide. Whether driven by mandates, as in the case of US defense and civilian government agencies, by IPv4 address space constraints, as in the case of large MSOs, or by application requirements, as in the case of upcoming Microsoft Vista and Longhorn, the IPv6 adoption is becoming a near future target that requires careful planning for its optimal and cost-effective deployment.
Deployment planning starts with identifying the architecture of the future network and of supported IPv6 services. This architecture translates into a set of functionality and performance requirements for each element of the network, requirements used to determine the IPv6 readiness of existent or “to be procured” equipment. While most of these requirements and their implications are well understood due to strong similarities with IPv4, there is a small but critically important subset that is IPv6 specific, and it requires a good understanding of the new protocol set. Insufficient coverage of IPv6 specific requirements could lead to operational challenges down the road. Benchmarking IPv6 network element performance becomes an essential guide to requirements definition and to equipment evaluation.
The value, benefits and importance of consistent benchmarking has been demonstrated in the case of IPv4. RFC 2544 standardizes the key IP performance metrics and the methodology to measure them. It provides guidelines for defining requirements and facilitates apple-to-apple comparison of performance data between various platforms. Benchmarks such as: Throughput, Latency, Frame Loss Rate, System Recovery and Reset are clearly defined, while detailed test procedures highlight the importance of evaluating these benchmarks under relevant operational conditions, such as routers with traffic filters applied. RFC 2544 is the de facto standard for IPv4 benchmarking. What about IPv6? Why Is RFC 2544 insufficient for benchmarking IPv6?

Jump Starting the Navy and Industry to IPv6

In today's world, where technology reigns supreme, the Internet with its inherent capabilities is certainly one of the most revolutionary technologies available to the planet. There are literally hundreds of thousands of applications and uses for the Internet. Now, with the emergence of Internet Protocol 6 (IPv6), the question that remains is, "How will this new protocol change the Internet?" It is widely understood that IPv6 is the future of the Internet; however, views on how fast to transition to this new technology and how important it really is differ widely.
The Navy's position is clear. As directed by the DoD CIO IPv6 Memorandum of 9 June 2003, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration ( ASD NII) established DoD policy for the transition of DoD enterprise-wide networks from IPv4 to IPv6. This direction was intended to position DoD for completing the transition to IPv6 in order to avoid technical obsolescence within the next 10 to 20 years. With this goal in mind, the Navy IPv6 Transition Project Office (NITPO) has developed a Transition Plan and a Technical Transition Strategy, which have been provided to the Navy's key programs in an effort to roll out a coordinated implementation schedule for the Navy's transition to IPv6. The NITPO has aggressively involved the Navy in all aspects of IPv6 transition. The Navy still faces unique challenges when it comes to transitioning to IPv6.
The Navy is a worldwide enterprise, with its architecture constantly changing. There are over 10,000 programs in existence, both afloat and ashore. These programs can range from applications and logistics to developing the latest weapons systems. Each program uses its own required applications, which are essential to its success; in one instance, a program had 360 approved applications. There are non-classified and classified (secret and top secret) networks. To transition each of these networks, along with their applications, while maintaining operational capability, will require additional resources and funding. To simply "flip the switch" and in an instant be IPv6 capable is not a reality for the Navy.

IPv6: DoD’s Chicken or Egg?

While scholars, skeptics and technocrats have been debating the merits and profundity of IPv6 for the past several years, the egg (or chicken, as you may view it) has matured. Now the central question is - will the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) use the IPv6 transition to facilitate quantum improvements in targeting, sensornets and tactical communications? Or will they instead treat it as an unfunded mandate to be ignored until later in the decade?
First, let us presume that any reader of an IPv6 Newsletter will not need an arcane description on the value of ubiquitous static addressing for DoD or the unprecedented peer-to-peer capabilities offered by IPv6. I will therefore move on to correlate IPv6 to the strategic doctrine of the US Department of Defense and let you, the reader, decide if it is the chicken or the egg.
Since the 2005 "soft mandate" OMB memoranda, requiring the by-2008 conversion to IPv6, DoD has done only advanced planning and, unfortunately, little practical experimentation. On the other hand, the Department of Defense has articulated strategies and doctrines that read like advertisements for the technology improvements offered by ubiquitous static addressing. There are literally hundreds of projects and programs underway that could be called transformational, yet the networks which they will rely on (both on the NIPR and SIPR, non-secure and secure DoD networks) are unlikely to see profound IPv6 enablement until the end of the decade.
During 2006 we have seen publication of the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) and a myriad of planning directives, including the classified Strategic Planning Guidance. The QDR articulates, in moderate detail, how quantum improvement is needed in moving data from the sensor to the shooter and in the networking of allied and coalition partners. Both these categories are rich venues to actually accelerate IPv6 addressing adoption while we use IPv6 as a catalyst for transformation. Can DoD have its cake and eat it too? That is, can it actually deploy the unfunded mandate of IPv6 faster and with a huge impact?

Digital Fly Paper (Part I)

I remember the birth of social networking. It was the promise of connecting people from all parts of the world together on an unprecedented scale. This promise was to provide a forum for every voice and, as a result, millions of voices socialized, debated, exchanged ideas, shared hopes and business plans. Custom communications applications and rudimentary half duplex voice networks sprouted the world over. Those who used citizen radio (CB) migrated to an online model. Small broadcasters were established. Some rural communities relied on these services and derived revenue from a constant stream of chatter and information. All this was built on a reliable asynchronous modem network, which was easily expandable, but limited in performance.
With the advent of the World Wide Web, more powerful applications and new companies capitalized on the social fever by taking advantage of the power of the Web. The social network powerhouses, such as AOL, Netscape and Yahoo, quickly became kings of this domain. Services continued to expand and were offered as enhancements to social networking. With the introduction of modules and enhancement applications to jazz up your digital space and the tools to invite people and, in essence, extend your circle of influence to increase your group following, new upstarts like Friendster, Facebook, Bebo and Myspace are replacing the old social network. This modern social network focuses on applications that are ranked on their user devotion. As more users are attracted to a creative flare, the more business can sell commercial ads that derive revenue. This also creates a surge to duplicate, imitate and follow with admiration. This is a model I call "digital fly paper.”
Demand is a two-edged sword, and those same consumers are ravenous for more technology, more applications and more connectivity. To feed that demand, the social network must evolve or perish. The new social networks of today are still being planned and built on old platforms. Eventually, the social engine outgrows the platform that it is designed for and the user base moves like a nomadic herd to a new best digital place. The herd seldom returns, so there is a one shot chance for a social network to get it right and get it right on the first try. Little consideration has been taken by any social network developer that the very core of the service cannot withstand the demand. Even less have taken notice that the devices used to interact on these networks are shifting at an alarming rate, from set-top devices to mobile handhelds, with most failing to realize the impact this will have on all digital networks.

Ubiquitous Identification using IPv6

As New Internet (IPv6) technology adoption gains momentum, we are seeing a convergence of information services growing in parallel with the convergence of network access onto the IP model. IP-based addressing is fast becoming the ubiquitous standard for connecting devices, and information, too, is moving from diverse storage types and localized access systems to IP-based directory and storage services.
IPv6 addresses, because they are globally unique, can serve as a starting point. The protocol is flexible and secure enough to allow it to work with other technologies to create an all-around, always-accessible data repository and authentication system using components that already exist. The good news is that some groups that have committed themselves to making viable IPv6 products and services are already working on just this very idea.
There have already been other efforts to tie in different types of personal information to a single, efficient and widely-deployed addressing system. The current Domain Name System (DNS), for example, has begun to integrate Electronic Numbering (ENUM), which supports the E.164 global telephone numbers. This allows DNS nameservers to create subdomain names for telephone numbers within the domains, and associate other information with these domains, such as multiple e-mail addresses, addresses for SIP/VoIP phones, web URLs and more. Since DNS is used all throughout the Web, it is a good idea to associate such diverse data with such an accepted directory system. ENUM allows the most common communications address — a telephone number — to become an identifier that can be used across multiple devices and services.

The Global IPv6 Summit in Korea 2006

The recent Global IPv6 Summit 2006 in Seoul, Korea was well organized, took place in a delightful venue, and had impassioned speakers and listeners covering a variety of topics related to Asia, the epicenter of hot IPv6 initiatives. The organizers had clearly gone to a lot of work to put this event on, even handing out headsets so that audience members could get translations of presentations given in other languages.
In general, the theme of this conference, Emerging Business with IPv6, was far afield from IPv6 conferences of years past, which tended to be totally focused on the technical aspects of the New Internet, and indicates how much the interest in this field is swinging towards actual transition and business issues. It is also true, however, that although the demand for business cases was clearly present, there were in fact not many real business cases presented. The following is a sample of some experiences from the conference.
Korea Telecom indicated that it is moving ahead with its plans for providing IPv6 to customers, with strong government backing and support. Its basic business problem appears to be that it has reached near-saturation of its market, since over 72% of Koreans already have both broadband connectivity (and when they say high speed, they really mean it!) and cellphones, and the company needs to amplify and leverage its offerings to grow. It thus hopes to get into a whole range of additional services or "solutions," made possible via IPv6.